The cars’ braking system includes an ABS pump, which also operates the ESP. There is also an ABS controller in the system, which reacts to changes in the speed and to the pressing of the brake pedal. The controller manages the pressure produced by the master cylinder; the pressure increases when the brake pedal is pressed. The modulator distributes it to the individual wheels so that the car reduces the speed.
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The gearbox control unit is a component that ensures proper operation of the gearbox; it is responsible for oil distribution, proper regulation of gear changes. The gearbox controller is based on a number of sensors located in various parts of the vehicle. This ensures that the gears are changed at the right moment.
Each new car consists of many sensors, and many components are controlled in real time; data are collected and then sent to the engine controller. It is a module that supervises the operation of the engine, especially the revolutions; it receives information about the temperature, exhaust composition, and additionally controls such solutions as ARS or ESP. An important task of the engine controller is to supervise the mixture burned in the engine chamber.
The gearbox control unit is the component that is responsible for the proper operation of the gearbox. In the gearbox there are various types of gears that need proper lubrication, and the controller is responsible e.g. for the proper temperature and pressure of the fluid. The controller is an electronic device; it monitors the speed, throttle position and many other parameters. Its operation is based on data from sensors which are located in the engine, as well as at each wheel of the vehicle. On this basis, it can regulate many parameters related to the operation of the gearbox.
One of the most important components responsible for the safety in your vehicle is the braking system. New cars use ABS systems which have a controller that is responsible for the proper functioning of this system. Of course, ABS is a system that prevents the wheels from locking during sudden braking, which means that you can keep your driving direction and the car will not skid. In this way you can safely avoid obstacles on the road while reducing speed.